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Back to Experience. Gurmukhi — what is it? And gradually it developed from a script to a culture. Have you ever wondered why was Gurmukhi script used to inscribe Guru Granth Sahib? The function of both language and script is communication. While language is both spoken and written, script is only written.
Words, phrases, idioms and grammar make it a language whereas script must have individual characters to denote the words, phrases, idioms and grammar of a language for reading and writing. Languages are one of the intricate forms of communication that allows us to converse with each other and share thoughts and ideas. Scripts are writing systems that allow the transcription of a language via alphabet sets. The internal evidence of Guru Granth Sahib records a bani teachings in composition Patti tablet by Guru Nanak Sahib; it details all thirty-five alphabets.
It has thirty-five stanzas where each stanza introduces the sound of each alphabet and insightful commentary of life forming the Sikh paradigm.
It was an awe-struck moment! For the language enthusiasts out there, they would be delighted to know that Guru Amardas Sahib also recorded Patti in Guru Granth Sahib, Bavan Akhri refers to fifty-two letters of Devnagari script. In Language and Solitude Ernest Gellner, a leading twentieth century thinker, suggested when a new script emerges, a new political unit develops.
Education was, and remains, a privilege; the religious education was severely restricted to maintain hegemonic control. Men of letters? Back then, it was actually upper class, categorized religious men by the religious laws made by same men. Its residue still remains. There is only alphabet for one sound and vice versa. And it accommodated articulation of prevalent languages of the time. In this voluminous classical medieval source of Sikhi in Braj verse in Gurmukhi script, Bhai Santokh Singh carries a symbolic meaning summed up in the cosmic metaphor of suraj , i.
He explains, "As the sun rises, the darkness of the night vanishes, thieves and thugs hide themselves, owls and bats go to slumber and the stars disappear, so with the advent of the Gurus, the rays of their spiritual light spread all around dispelling the darkness of ignorance. First part is on Guru Nanak Sahib. The second is divided into portions, rut season , according to the twelve signs of the zodiac, sub-divided into chapters called arisu rays.
Both parts are further sub-divided into numerous sections according to the episodes narrated, each named after the sun's course, viz. The phrase and imagery in both the parts of the book generally require expert explanation. This has been provided, painstakingly and exhaustively, by Bhai Vir Singh in a volume annotated edition. Bhai Gurdas stayed close to listen and to write, while all others remained seated attentively.
Listen to my wish. In Sanskrit and Muslim [Arabic and Persian] languages,. Laboring householders with less learning, seeking knowledge will study it with ease. This will be known in the whole world. Reverential ones will study it with ease, will learn All-Pervasive Remembrance brings freedom. As per Sikh doctrine, the Guru Granth Sahib is an infallible sovereign anthology.
Its contributors include the Gurus Perfections , the Bhagats devotees , the Bhatts bards , and the Sikhs learners. They were from various South Asian regions which today comprise of eight nations and are the largest global population unit. And there is a saying that language changes every twenty-five years and every twenty-five miles. In this context, Prof. Puran Singh provides us with great insights in Sikhism and Brahmanism on language and Sikh worldview:.
When Sikhism came to the Punjab, Brahmanism interpreted it as its off-spring with a view to holding it in its tentacles. He sang out his soul in whatever language came nearest to him … Guru Nanak adopted a colloquial sort of Persian to speak to Persians, a sort of Prakrit and Gatha languages to those who knew Sanskrit.
Assuredly, he was nowhere, any time, identified with their speculation. His message shines through the images of all languages … In the case of a genius, it is his creation that gives meaning to him, not the language he speaks or the country he is born in. He transcends all geographical limits of blood and caste and color, both of body and mind.
Even today, the extreme right-wing politics shows criminal sympathies to not accept Sikhi as the sovereign system. Just like there is Hindi-ization of Panjabi going on, there is Panjabi-ization of Gurbani going on too. Growing up in Uttar Pardesh, I first learned to read Gurbani in Devnagari script, for Hindi was the regional language.
While visiting maternal grandparents in Panjab, I was encouraged to learn the Gurmukhi script. While in Kansas, I really delved into both the Panjabi language and the Gurmukhi script. While I champion transcription of Guru Granth Sahib for non-native speakers or for referencing purposes, it is not a recommended medium for learning the language or the script as any language acquisition educator will tell you.
Guru Nanak Sahib gifted the Gurmukhi alphabets to humanity. Guru Angad Sahib organized the Gurmukhi alphabets into a Gurmukhi script. Now, can you spend thirty-five days to learn thirty-five alphabets of Gurmukhi?
Do you want to understand and feel the love-songs of culture of Nam Divine Identification? There is no international day for Gurmukhi as there is for mother tongue. I propose we commemorate Gurmukhi as the script and the culture of the Guru-oriented each and every day as part of our Remembrance! The sweet original freshness of Sabad Infinite Wisdom beyond time and space! Optional email code. SikhRI is made possible by hundreds of volunteers, donors, team members and educators—all just like you.
Help us illuminate Sikh paths throughout the world. Toggle navigation. About Events Products News. So, why Gurmukhi? Compose the voluminous Granth, Write it in Gurmukhi alphabets. Guru Nanak devised Patti, Beautified thirty-five alphabets. In those, record the entire Gurbani, They are much easier to read.
That essence in Gurmukhi, Write with heart full of reverence. It will spread in all other [languages], As oily substance poured over water. Great Path-Way will be revealed, Those on track will not astray. Therefore, write it in the Gurmukhi alphabets, This will be known in the whole world. Its glory is incredibly beautiful, The world will know it as Gurmukhi. Those who see, study, and write, will revere it And will love it as eradicator of transgressions.
Puran Singh provides us with great insights in Sikhism and Brahmanism on language and Sikh worldview: When Sikhism came to the Punjab, Brahmanism interpreted it as its off-spring with a view to holding it in its tentacles. Gurmukhi immersion is the way to go! Showing 2 reactions Optional email code.
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Please check your e-mail for a link to activate your account. Anita Chatterjee commented Indeed! Thank you! Join Us SikhRI is made possible by hundreds of volunteers, donors, team members and educators—all just like you.
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Gurmukhi: Guru Nanak Sahib’s Alphabets