Alcohol and cotton oil as alternative fuels for internal combustion engines 5. The fuel properties of alcohol and basic principles of engine conversion 5. Studies on using vegetable oil for diesel engine 5. Field test system for evaluating a tractor. This study was launched with the circumstances that the research on refining a alcohol from sweet sorghum had made such enormous strides that the source of raw material for alcohol production was expanded and the technology for alcohol production improved, moreover, the resource of cotton oil was abundant in the northeast regions of China, which promised increased output and reduced the price of alcohol. The goals of the study were to better understand the fuel properties of alcohol and basic principles of conversion in order to provide the representative cross section of converting diesel engine and gasoline engine to blended fuel.
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As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it. Turner, J. Bayraktar, Hakan, Hagos, Ftwi Y. Vallinayagam, R. Mani, Rask, Kevin N. Ghadikolaei, Meisam Ahmadi, Ibrahim, Thamir k. Gravalos, I. Deh Kiani, M. Yusri, I. Costagliola, M. Atadashi, I. More about this item Keywords Alcohols fuel ; Ether ; Spark ignition engine ; Engine emissions ; Combustion characteristics ; Statistics Access and download statistics Corrections All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors.
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Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services. Economic literature: papers , articles , software , chapters , books. FRED data. Alcohol and ether as alternative fuels in spark ignition engine: A review.
Mamat, R. Ali, Obed M. Sidik, N. Yusaf, T. Kadirgama, K. Kettner, Maurice. Energy security and global warming concern are the two main driving forces for the global alcohol development that also have the effort to animate the agro-industry. Generally, alcohol and ether fuels are produced from several sources and can be produced locally. Almost all alcohol fuels have similar combustion and ignition characteristics to existing known mineral fuels.
Mainly the ether fuels MTBE and DME are used as additives at low blending ratio to enhance the octane number and oxygen content of gasoline. The addition of alcohol and ether fuels to gasoline lead to a complete combustion due to the higher oxygen content, thereby leads to increased combustion efficiency and decreased engine emissions. The objectives of this paper are to systematically review the use of alcohols and ethers including butanol, methanol, ethanol, and fusel oil, MTBE, and DME as fuels in SI engine.
The increase in engine performance could be attained with an increased compression ratio along with the use of alcohol fuels which have a higher-octane value. Furthermore, alcohol and ether burn very cleanly than regular gasoline and produce lesser carbon monoxide CO and nitrogen oxide NOx.
Finally, this paper also discusses the impacts of alcohol on engine vibration, engine noise, and potential to be used as a gasoline octane enhancer. Alcohol can be used as a pure fuel in spark ignition engine, but it requires some modifications to the engine.
Awad, Omar I. More about this item Keywords Alcohols fuel ; Ether ; Spark ignition engine ; Engine emissions ; Combustion characteristics ; Statistics Access and download statistics. Corrections All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. Louis Fed. Help us Corrections Found an error or omission? RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.
Alcohol and ether as alternative fuels in spark ignition engine: A review
Since the middle of s, the enthusiasm for using alcohols as alternate convenient fuels in internal combustion engine IC has been increased and it has reached peak stage by the middle of s. The usage of alcohol as an alternate fuel, due to its minimal undesired effects on atmosphere, has gained importance. Harmful effects on environment are caused by various fossil fuels and their exhaust emissions such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter. Alcohol type of fuels is alternative to petroleum-based fuels due to reduced greenhouse gas emission, toxic exhaust emission and enhancement of overall energy efficiency. Moreover, they are convenient for internal combustion engines due to their high octane rating, burning velocities and wider flammability limits. In order to achieve better environmental sustainability, it is the right time to use lower molecular weight alcohols alcohols possessing lower molecular weight, such as methanol, ethanol replacing other additives as octane boosters in automotive fuels in the present situation.
Alcohol Fuels as an Alternative Fuels - Bringing New Heights in Sustainability
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it. Turner, J. Bayraktar, Hakan, Hagos, Ftwi Y. Vallinayagam, R. Mani,
Various alcohols are used as fuel for internal combustion engines. The first four aliphatic alcohols methanol , ethanol , propanol , and butanol are of interest as fuels because they can be synthesized chemically or biologically, and they have characteristics which allow them to be used in internal combustion engines. Most methanol is produced from natural gas, although it can be produced from biomass using very similar chemical processes. Ethanol is commonly produced from biological material through fermentation processes.