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The Benton Visual Retention Test or simply Benton test or BVRT is an individually administered test for people aged from eight years to adulthood that measures visual perception and visual memory. It can also be used to help identify possible learning disabilities among other afflictions that might affect an individual's memory.
The individual examined is shown 10 designs, one at a time, and asked to reproduce each one as exactly as possible on plain paper from memory. The test is untimed, and the results are professionally scored by form, shape, pattern, and arrangement on the paper. Arthur Benton was a psychologist who worked with neurologist Morris Bender during his military assignment to the San Diego Naval Hospital.
His experiences in the treatment of servicemen who suffered from traumatic brain injuries led to his development of the Benton Visual Retention Test. Benton developed the test to provide a shorter assessment for immediate nonverbal memory to supplement the popular digit span test, and selected a format that was resistant to both emotional and subject-tester influence.
The Benton Visual Retention Test is composed of 3 sets, or forms, of 10 designs each 8. These designs are used to gauge the examinee's visual perception and memory, and can be administered five different ways.
These five methods are as follows: . In every method except for Administration C, the original design is hidden before reproduction begins. The test can be scored two ways. First method: The number of correct score is calculated based on an all-or-nothing approach; points are awarded if the reproduction of the design matches the original.
Second method: The number of error score, on the other hand, is calculated based on the number and type of errors made for each design. The major categories for these errors are omissions, distortions, perseverations, rotations, misplacements, and size errors.
The Benton Test is sensitive to many forms of brain impairments and diseases, but it is difficult to diagnose a particular disease through the test. In fact, according to the test manual, a high number of a single category of error should not be used as a diagnosis, but should lead to further testing.
Overall performance does not seem to distinguish those with unilateral left or right hemisphere damage. In addition, learning disabilities among children are able to be identified through the Benton Test.
According to the Benton Test manual, test-retest reliability of the Benton Test is 0. Correlation between immediate and delayed memory recall Administration type A and D, respectively ranges from 0.
Included with the manual are standardized results for children, adolescents, and adults, though each administration method have their own standardization data. The Benton Test has been criticized by test's requirement of the examinee's IQ or estimated IQ, which can be difficult to obtain if the examinee is in a poor condition.
Because of this, the BVRT is still widely used today for a large number of clinical conditions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology. New York: Springer. Bruce Walsh, Nancy E. Tests and assessment 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, N. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry.
New York: Plume. Benton Visual Retention Test 5th ed. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation. The Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska. Revised Visual Retention Test: Clinical and experimental applications 4th ed. New York: Psychological Corporation. Hove [u. Oxford [u. Handbook of normative data for neuropsychological assessment 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press. Oxford: Pergamon. Neuropsychological tests. Compensatory tracking task Purdue Pegboard Test.
Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Abbreviated mental test score Addenbrooke's cognitive examination General Practitioner Assessment Of Cognition Mini—mental state examination. Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale.
Test of Memory Malingering. Categories : Cognitive tests Memory tests Neuropsychological tests. Hidden categories: Use dmy dates from May Namespaces Article Talk.
The examinee views each design for 10 seconds, and then chooses the correct design from a multiple choice of four displays.
He developed an extensive and original battery of neuropsychological tests during his clinical work with brain-injured victims of World War II , which are still used in various forms. He made an in-depth analysis of the functioning of various brain regions and integrative processes of the brain in general. Luria's magnum opus, Higher Cortical Functions in Man , is a much-used psychological textbook which has been translated into many languages and which he supplemented with The Working Brain in It is less known that Luria's main interests, before the war, were in the field of psycho-semantics that is, research into how people attribute meaning to words and instructions. He became famous for his studies of low-educated populations in the south of the Soviet Union showing that they use different categorization than the educated world determined by functionality of their tools.
Benton y Luria 2°
Benton Visual Retention Test