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His works were often satirical and critical of the 19th-century Spanish society, and focused on both the politics and customs of his time.
Larra lived long enough to prove himself a great prose-writer during the 19th century. He wrote at great speed with the constant fear of censor before his eyes, although no sign of haste is discernible in his work. His political instinct, his abundance of ideas and his forcible, mordant style would possibly have given him one of the foremost positions in Spain. He was born in Madrid 24 March His father, Mariano de Larra y Langelot , served as a regimental doctor in the French Army , and, as an afrancesado , was compelled to leave the peninsula with his family in In Larra returned to Spain, knowing less Spanish than French.
His nature was disorderly, his education was imperfect, and, after futile attempts to obtain a degree in medicine or law, he entered an imprudent marriage at the age of twenty, broke ties with his relatives, and became a journalist.
They had a son and two younger daughters, but their marriage did not go well. He discovered that his third child, whom later notoriously became the lover of King Amadeus , was not his-- exposing infidelity in their marriage. Larra divorced his wife shortly afterward. In , Larra worked translating French theater plays for Juan Grimaldi, and even began writing his own. This year was also crucial because he met Dolores Armijo, a married woman who had already had a son. They began a relationship, even though they were both married.
The drama and novel were interesting as experiments, but Larra was essentially a journalist, and the increased liberty of the press after the death of Ferdinand VII gave his caustic talent an ampler field. His constant disappointment in society and politics, added to the pain caused by the end of his relationship with Dolores Armijo, had an influence on his writing, which became pessimistic and took on a more sombre tinge. Finally, on 13 February , Dolores Armijo, accompanied by her sister-in-law, visited Larra to let him know that there was no chance of the two resuming their relationship.
The two women had barely left the house when the writer committed suicide by gunshot. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Spanish romantic writer. Britannica Online. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 14 October Arnim B. Shelley P. Schlegel F. Categories : births deaths Writers from Madrid Spanish male dramatists and playwrights Spanish journalists Spanish reporters and correspondents Poets who committed suicide Spanish male writers who committed suicide Suicides in Spain 19th-century journalists Male journalists Male suicides Spanish male poets 19th-century poets 19th-century Spanish dramatists and playwrights 19th-century male writers.
Mariano José de Larra
El día de difuntos de 1836