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Log In Sign Up. Papers People. What is the role of urban theory in the spread of Covid, and the politics around it, in the United States? This essay outlines the part in this played by "Vulgar Wirthism," the notion that the country is divided into "urban" and This essay outlines the part in this played by "Vulgar Wirthism," the notion that the country is divided into "urban" and "rural" places based on relative levels of density, population, and heterogeneity.
Vulgar Wirthism has formed the conceptual basis for the idea that urban places are especially susceptible to spread of the virus, and rural places protected from it, an idea that has influenced pandemic policy and politics in dangerous and even lethal ways. In particular, I argue that Vulgar Wirthism has underwritten the emergence of a spiteful anti-urbanism, a form of necropolitics embracing the sacrifice of one's own political allies in exchange for damaging one's political enemies.
I conclude by arguing that in the context of pandemic, theories of "planetary urbanization," despite their limitations and blind spots, facilitate a less dangerous form of socio-spatial imaginary. Save to Library. Studies on urbanism often suggest a link between urbanites and increased tolerance. While this claim is usually supported in the literature, most research is hampered by several limitations: it focuses almost exclusively on the United While this claim is usually supported in the literature, most research is hampered by several limitations: it focuses almost exclusively on the United States, it neglects classical arguments that phenomena of urbanism are both macro-level and local, and it does not direct attention to the different mechanisms through which urbanism is believed to operate.
In this article, the authors reexamine the tolerance-producing capacity of urbanism by addressing these limitations. Drawing on a large cross-national sample, this study uses multilevel modeling to examine urban factors at both the local and societal level, as well as two measures of tolerance to account for the different forms it might take depending on competing conceptualizations.
Findings are that local urban environments promote tolerance cross-nationally, and that societal level urbanization is significantly associated with tolerance, but the effect is not always positive.
The article concludes with a discussion of the implications of these patterns and their impact on our understanding of urban tolerance.
Smartness as a "Way of Life". Approaches to discussion English version. So, the aim of the paper is to contribute to a discussion and a possible definition of urban smartness concept, which is so pervading in actual paradigms, generating a varied phenomenology and even more considerable amount of smart cities. Riding natural scientists' coattails onto the endless frontier: The SSRC and the quest for scientific legitimacy.
This essay argues that a major national science policy debate in the early post-WWII years constituted a critical, transitional episode in U.
In order to win a position for their work in the proposed NSF, and in response In order to win a position for their work in the proposed NSF, and in response to powerful and primarily conservative critics in the scientific and political communities, leading social scientists re asserted a contested hard-core scientific strategy, by claiming that the social sciences should advance by following the natural sciences. I further indicate how this policy debate had important consequences for the social sciences, for American liberalism, and for the nation more broadly.
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