Sigmund Freud was born in in Moravia; from until Hitler's invasion of Austria in he lived in Vienna. He was then forced to seek asylum in London, where he died the following year. He began his career as a doctor, specialising in work on the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. He was almost thirty when his interests first turned to psychology, and during ten years of clinical work in Vienna he developed the practice of what he called "psychoanalysis". This began simply as a method of treating neurotic patients by investigating their minds, but it quickly grew into an investigation of the workings of the mind in general, both ill or healthy. Freud demonstrated the normal development of the sexual instinct in childhood and, largely on the basis of an examination of dreams, arrived at his fundamental discovery of the unconscious forces that influence our everyday thoughts and actions.
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In the best, I've picked up some Freud books that were just unreadable due to either discussion or translation. This book and translation was quite readable and enjoyable. Simple and straight-forward! Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis, simultaneously a theory of personality, a therapy, and an intellectual movement. He was born into a middle-class Jewish family in Freiburg, Moravia, now part of Czechoslovakia, but then a city in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
At the age of 4, he moved to Vienna, where he spent nearly his entire life. In he entered the medical school at the University of Vienna and spent the following eight years pursuing a wide range of studies, including philosophy, in addition to the medical curriculum. After graduating, he worked in several clinics and went to Paris to study under Jean-Martin Charcot, a neurologist who used hypnosis to treat the symptoms of hysteria.
When Freud returned to Vienna and set up practice as a clinical neurologist, he found orthodox therapies for nervous disorders ineffective for most of his patients, so he began to use a modified version of the hypnosis he had learned under Charcot. Gradually, however, he discovered that it was not necessary to put patients into a deep trance; rather, he would merely encourage them to talk freely, saying whatever came to mind without self-censorship, in order to bring unconscious material to the surface, where it could be analyzed.
He found that this method of free association very often evoked memories of traumatic events in childhood, usually having to do with sex. This discovery led him, at first, to assume that most of his patients had actually been seduced as children by adult relatives and that this was the cause of their neuroses; later, however, he changed his mind and concluded that his patients' memories of childhood seduction were fantasies born of their childhood sexual desires for adults.
This reversal is a matter of some controversy today. Out of this clinical material he constructed a theory of psychosexual development through oral, anal, phallic and genital stages. Freud considered his patients' dreams and his own to be "the royal road to the unconscious. These investigations led him to his theory of a three-part structure of personality: the id unconscious biological drives, especially for sex , the superego the conscience, guided by moral principles , and the ego the mediator between the id and superego, guided by reality.
Freud's last years were plagued by severe illness and the rise of Nazism, which regarded psychoanalysis as a "Jewish pollution.
His theories have had a profound impact on psychology, anthropology, art, and literature, as well as on the thinking of millions of ordinary people about their own lives. Freud's daughter Anna Freud was the founder of the Hampstead Child Therapy Clinic in London, where her specialty was applying psychoanalysis to children.
Her major work was The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense An Outline of Psycho-analysis. Sigmund Freud. Throughout the period when Freud wrote his major works, various translations and editions, differing widely in the accuracy of their texts and the quality of their content, made their appearance.
Increasingly, as the body of Freud's work achieved command stature, the need arose for a definitive and uniformly authentic English language edition of all his writings. The work is under the general editorship of James Strachey and he himself has made new translations of many of the writings The result is to place this edition in a position of unquestion supremacy over all other existing versions -- which are in fact rendered obsolete.
A masterpiece of clarity and conciseness, it has a unique value in relation to all of Freud's work, for it is both a manual for the layman on the fundamental tenets of psycho-analysis, and a summary of the principles arrived at after a lifetime of research and experiment in the science of psychology. An Example of PsychoAnalytic Work. An Outline of Psycho-Analysis. James Strachey.
Abriss der Psychoanalyse
In the best, I've picked up some Freud books that were just unreadable due to either discussion or translation. This book and translation was quite readable and enjoyable. Simple and straight-forward! Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis, simultaneously a theory of personality, a therapy, and an intellectual movement. He was born into a middle-class Jewish family in Freiburg, Moravia, now part of Czechoslovakia, but then a city in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. At the age of 4, he moved to Vienna, where he spent nearly his entire life. In he entered the medical school at the University of Vienna and spent the following eight years pursuing a wide range of studies, including philosophy, in addition to the medical curriculum.