In English, its title can be translated literally as "meditation on the Gita," and it is also sometimes called the Invocation to the Gita. The nine Gita Dhyanam verses offer salutations to a variety of sacred scriptures, figures, and entities, characterize the relationship of the Gita to the Upanishads , and affirm the power of divine assistance. Although differing accounts are given of its origins, the poem is widely circulated in India, and its verses have been quoted by many Hindu leaders. This and another selected verse are shown in the table at right, in English translation, Sanskrit original, and romanized transliteration. This verse, shown in the table, is also commonly quoted. We don't know who composed them.
|Published (Last):||18 March 2019|
|PDF File Size:||6.32 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.59 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Thank you, this is beautiful. Grateful to Pujya Swami Paramarthananda 's insightful and profound commentaries and teachings. Monday, September 15, Gita Dhyana Slokas In the last class I mentioned there are some prayer verses known as Gita Dhyana slokas which are generally studied before we enter into the actual Gita study.
The purpose of studying the prayer verses is to invoke the grace of the Lord so that we can successfully complete the study of the Bhagavad Gita. To ward off the obstacles that may come. You know Bhagavad Gita is part of Mahabharatam but these prayer verses are not from Mahabharatam.
The prayer verses were written by a great acharya by name Madhusudana Saraswati before he wrote his commentary on the Bhagavad Gita. The name of his commentary is called Gudhartha Dipika, a lamp which illumines the hidden and deeper meanings of the Bhagavad Gita. It is a very famous commentary on the Gita. Before starting the actual Gita we study of the nine verses of Dhyana Sloka written by this acharya.
In these verses the Acharya offers Namaskarams to Mahabharatam for it is the greatest book , Bhagavad Gita looking upon Gita as mother Saraswati the embodiment of wisdom , Vyasacharya the author of Mahabharatam and therefore the author of Gita also , and Krishna who gives the Gita teaching to Arjuna. The teaching belongs to Krishna while Vyasa is just a reporter as it were. Thus we have four namaskaras:. We will study these prayer verses and we will start each Gita class with these verses as we study the Gita in depth.
Once you know the meaning of the Dhyana slokas you will enjoy it when we chant later. I will rearrange the order of the verses while seeing the meaning, so that we can go from one Namaskara to another Namaskara. The first namaskaram is Mahabharata which comes in the seventh verse. Mahabharatam namaskara. Mahabharata is a work composed by Vyasacharya which comes under the scriptural literature known as Itihasa.
Itihasa is a scriptural literature which is partially based on history. The actual events are taken and modified here and there and some masala added. The main theme is based on history, but ideas are added to make it attractive. Itihasa is part history and part fiction. Mahabharata stories are supposed to be real events with slight modifications presented.
Since Mahabharata deals with Bharatavamsha, the dynasty of Bharata, it is called Bharatam. It is called Mahabharatam for it is a voluminous literature, perhaps the biggest in the entire world, with 1 lakh verses.
May the study of Mahabharata enrich and transform my personality and help me grow physically, emotionally, intellectually and spiritually for us nah.
Not for Vyasah but nah, us who are students of Mahabharatam. In this, Mahabharata is compared to a lotus. Just as a lotus is attractive flower due to its beauty attractive to the eyes , its fragrance attractive to the nose and honey attractive to the tongue. Therefore Mahabharatam is compared to a pankajam, a lotus.
Bharata Pankajam means Mahabharatam lotus. May it be a source of happiness to me. From this it is clear that the study of Mahabharata at home is good only. There is a general misconception that only Ramayana must be studied at home and not Mahabharata for it deals with family quarrels.
And if you read it at home even in our homes there will be family quarrels. As though it is not there already!.. This is only a blind belief and no proof at all.
Therefore Mahabharatam study and Gita study is only an auspicious thing for me and all. Let it bring happiness to all. The rest of the words are adjectives to Bharata Pankajam. The speech of son of Parasharya. Therefore from the mouth of Vysacharya has come the beautiful lotus of Mahabharatam. Amalam - It is a flower without any impurity.
It is a pure thing. Interestingly one of the words for a lotus is Pankajam - Panka meaning slush or muddied water. Just as a lotus is born despite being born in muddied water similarly the Mahabharatam is also very very pure.
Amalam means without any dosha; it is shudham. It is pure with respect to the teaching and it is pure with respect to the language also. There are neither grammatical defects nor content defects.
Therefore Mahabharatam is shuddam. Utkatam means prominent, popular, famous, well-known, attractive, and draws the attention of people. Hence the Mahabharatam lotus is attractive for its powerful fragrance that anybody around and be attracted. Then the next question is what is the fragrance of Mahabharatam? If Mahabharata is a lotus then Bhagavad Gita is the fragrance coming out of it. In fact Mahabharatam is attractive only because of the Gita. The popularity of Mahabharata is because it has Bhagavad Gita in it.
Therefore gandhotkam; its taste is popular. Any flower has thread like filaments. The Mahabharatam is like a lotus then what are its filaments? Even though Mahabharatam is one book it has hundreds of small stories. In fact many people have written stories from smaller stories including Kalidasa on Shakuntala that are found in the Mahabharatam.
So these stories are compared to filaments hanging from the lotus flower. Kesaram means filaments. These small stories like Satyaharichandra and others add to its glory. Lotuses are of two types — lotus bud and another is fully bloomed ones.
Of the two the fully blossomed lotus is more beautiful. That is why they buy the bud and with the hand they separate the petals! Even though Mahabharatam deals with bharata vamsham it is filled with stories and exploits of Lord Krishna. Hari katha sambodhana means stories of Krishna.
Through such stories it has expanded to hundred thousand verses. Wherever flowers are there, the honey bees will be attracted to them. Similarly the Mahabharata contains deep wisdom on all subjects under the sun — religion, philosophy, psychology, politics, sociology, human relationship etc. Any Science you can think of, Vyasacharya has dealt with them very brilliantly. All these sciences are discussed in the Mahabharatam. It is said that what is not there in bharatam it cannot be found anywhere.
And whatever is there anywhere all those are discussed in Mahabharatam. It is no work of superstition but a live and valid treasure house of wisdom dealing with every science. Therefore all the students, whoever wants to learn, are like honey bees Shatpada — six legged ones. Sajjana refers to noble people who have an open mind when approaching the scriptures.
Those who have reverence for Mahabharatam, such people are called sajjanah. These noble people are like honey bees; they know it is not mere stories for children. Behind every story there are lessons on psychology, lessons on family problems, lessons on human relationships, lessons on the ultimate truth of creation. Superficially it is a story but in and through it is full of various sciences.
Pepiyamanam means repeatedly suck its wisdom. And when do they do that? Loke means people and they study the Bharatam day in and day out Ahar Ahaha. First time they study they get one meaning, another time they study another meaning and various facets of life are brought out. Study of Duryodhana, the study of Draupadi, study of Kunti, study of Dharmaputra…any character you analyze you get valuable lessons.
Muda means happily; they drink the nectar of Bharatam happily. Kali Mala Pradhvamsi. This Mahabharata is a literature which can destroy the problems prevalent in the materialistic universe.
Kaliyuga is known for predominant materialism, competition, compromise. The very word Kali means fight and quarrel. Even in sports there will be cheating, betting! When there is materialism and valueless-ness are rampant even our minds will be coloured by them. If we should not be affected by the evils of Kali yuga Mahabharatam is the medicine for kali malam.
Even within families they are quarrel and there is no family stability at all.
Bhagavad Gita Dhyanam (Dhyana slokas)
Gita Dhyana Slokam- 1. December 07, Oh mother Bhagavad Gita, you who were taught for the sake of Partha by Bhagavan Narayana Himself, you who were positioned inside Mahabhaaratam by the ancient Rishi Vyasa you shower the nectar of Advaita, , you who are made up of eighteen adhyaayas, you who remove the pain of births, Oh Bhagavati, I contemplate upon you. This sloka along with nine in total were composed by Swamy Madhusudana Saraswati in the sixteenth century. This is perhaps the only sloka that worships the Gita in the form of Bhagavti. But here none of the above match since the sadhaka is in a worshipful mood.
Thi sings of the power of the message of Gita, and how it is in essence the Gist of Upanishads, thus inturn the message of Santana Dharma. Om Parthaya prathi bodhithm bhagawataa naaraayanena swayam, Vyasaena gratitaam Puraana muninaa madhye Mahabaratam. Advaitamruta varshaneem bhagawteem ashta dashaa dhyayineem, Ambaa twaam anusandadhaami bhagavad geete bhava dweshineem. O Divine mother, she who showers Elixir of Advaita on us, O mother of 18 chapters, I meditate on thee, O Bhagavad gita, the destroyer of illusion of manifestation Samsaara.