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There was a time when in India women was considered as the door to hell. Women was suppressed in every aspect of human life.
Even in the regime of East India Company this type of stereotyping continues but Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was against all types of rotten customs related to women. He work hard to start the culture of widow remarriage in the country. The enactment of The Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, was a major social reform to improve the condition of the widow in India.
Before this law the custom of Sati was also abolished by the Lord William Bentinck in In some parts of India the widows have to live the life like a saint. They were not allowed to live like a common person. They were expected to lead a life of austerity and extremities like no make up, no new clothes, no good food, boycott from festivals and even scolding from the all members of the family and society.
Widows had to wear a white Saree of coarse material. The widow was considered as the unlucky person for the whole family. Remarriage was not permitted even if the widow was a child and the marriage was not even consummated. This custom was mainly practiced in rich hindu families. One surprising fact is that; Widow remarriage was prevalent among people of the lower class or poor.
The act also provided legal safeguards and protection to men who married widows. As per The Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, ; the widow was authorised to forfeit any inheritance that she may have obtained from her deceased husband.
The Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, also provided all the rights and inheritances to all the widows that they have had at the time of her first marriage. After the enactment of the Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, ; the first marriage took place on 7th December in north Calcutta.
So the enactment of the the Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, was one of the major social change in the 19th century in India. Since then many such laws have been enacted in the country to protect the integrity and modesty of the women. Study at Home. School Board. Current Affairs. An event that took place around years ago changed the fortune of crores of Indian women. The Act was enacted on 26th July This law was implemented in all regions under the jurisdictions of East India company in India.
Hindu Widow Remarriage Act Came into Force - [July 16, 1856] This Day in History
It was the first major social reform legislation after the abolition of Sati by Lord William Bentinck. To protect what it considered family honour and family property, upper-caste Hindu society had long disallowed the remarriage of widows, even child and adolescent ones , all of whom were expected to live a life of austerity and abnegation. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was the most prominent campaigner. He petitioned the Legislative council,  but there was a counter petition against the proposal with nearly four times more signatures by Radhakanta Deb and the Dharma Sabha.
Marriage can’t deprive widow of property