Lecythis pisonis Cambess. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.

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We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Berg Lecythis densa Miers Lecythis hoppiana R. Rich in oil, they are similar to the Brazil nut in size and shape[ ].

When ripe, the ivory-white kernels have a delicious flavour with a soft, almost creamy texture[63 , ]. The seeds are said to be sweeter than Brazil nuts, with a superior flavour and easier to digest[63 ].

Seeds are about 5cm long and 2. The shell is thin and easily broken, when quite fresh, however, this shell is said to contain a poisonous principle[63 ]. An edible oil can be obtained from the seed[63 ].

Pale yellow in colour, suggestive of almond oil in both taste and smell[63 ]. The harmful seed coat must be removed before extraction of the oil[ ]. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. Infusions of the bark and pericarp are used in local medicine for treating liver complaints[ ].

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

Oil An oil obtained from the seed is used for making soap and as an illuminant[63 ]. The hard wooden 'fruits' that contain the seeds are put to various domestic or kitchen uses[63 ].

By cutting them away slightly at the stalk end they can be made to stand upright[63 ]. The tough and fibrous bark consists of a succession of thin layers which can be peeled off and used locally as cigarette wrappers[ ]. The heartwood is red-brown; it is clearly demarcated from the 2 - 10cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain straight or interlocked. The wood is heavy to very heavy; moderately hard to very hard; tough; elastic; very durable if not in the soil, being resistant to fungi, dry wood borers and termites.

It seasons slowly, with only a slight risk of distortion, but a high risk of checking; once dry it is poorly stable in service. The wood has a high blunting effect and is difficult to work, stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; nailing and screwing are good, but require pre-boring; gluing is correct.

Because of its hardness, the wood is not extensively used traditionally, but is a very good heavy duty construction timber that is employed for outdoor purposes such as railway sleepers, roofing shingles, bridges, stakes, props etc, as well as for parquet floors, tool handles, construction and general carpentry[63 , , , ].

Carbon Farming. Plants are probably not very fussy as to soil type[63 ]. They can tolerate several months of waterlogging, as well as growing on the drier oxisols of terra firma[ ]. Unlike the related Brazil nut, which only produces its seeds towards the top of the tree, this species can fruit right down to the lower branches[63 ].

The seeds take 18 months to mature after flowering[ ]. Initial growth of young trees is quite rapid, with 5 year old trees attaining a height of 4 metres[ ]. Trees have been known to produce their first crop in less than ten years from seed[63 ]. Flowering is sporadic, some trees bearing every other year, others at 5 year intervals[ ]. Yields may be 12 - 20 fruits in the first fruiting year, with 81 fruits reported 2 years later[ ].

The average seed weight is 5. The average yield for mature trees on terra firma is less than 50 fruits per year, it is probably more for trees growing on the fertile flood plains[ ]. The fruits, which are suspended from the ends of branches, develop a perfectly fitting 'lid', which drops off as the nuts ripen, thus scattering the seeds[63 , ].

These fruits have been used as monkey traps. A bait is placed inside the empty fruit, which the monkey puts its hand inside to grab and then finds it cannot withdraw its hand unless it releases the bait of course [ ]. Celsius Fahrenheit:. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form.

Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Seed - it only has a short period of viability so should be sown as soon as it is ripe[63 ]. Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in individual containers. A moderate germination rate can usually be expected, with the seed sprouting within 40 - 70 days[ ].

Seeds germinate within 7 - 10 days and initial growth is rapid, attaining 60 cm after 1 year[ ]. Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Author Cambess. For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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You can unsubscribe at anytime. Follow Us:. Lecythis pisonis - Cambess. Common Name Paradise Nut. The seeds are likely to contain toxic quantities of selenium when grown on soils high in selenium[ ]. Habitats Fertile flood plains in the rainforest[ ].

Often found in groups, particularly in sunny positions on tops of hills[63 ]. Found in all sorts of soil conditions[63 ]. Usually found in dense primary forest, occasionally in more open situations[ ]. Range S. America - northern and eastern Brazil, Peru. Translate this page:. Lecythis pisonis is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m ft by 30 m 98ft at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone UK The flowers are pollinated by Bees, insects. Suitable for: medium loamy and heavy clay soils.

Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic alkaline soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil. Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available. Read More. Special Uses Carbon Farming. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems. Annuals include soybeans, peanuts, sunflower seeds. Perennials include seeds, beans, nuts, and fruits such as almond, Brazil nut, pistachio, walnut, hazel, and safou.

Shop Now. Sapucaia nut, Pot nut Tree Sapucaia nut, Paradise nut, Monkey nut Tree QR Code What's this? Charity No. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License.

Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can. Please view the copyright link for more information. Paradise Nut.


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The Monkey Pot Tree has showy purple flowers which gradually becomes white over time. The fruit is woody and shaped like a spinning-top. When ripe, the fruit splits open like a pot and lid to reveal white fleshy seeds within. Mori, S. Lecythidaceae, Part 2.


Lecythis pisonis

Lecythis pisonis , the cream nut or monkey pot , is a tropical tree in the Brazil nut family Lecythidaceae. The fruit is shaped like a cooking pot and contains edible seeds. Lecythis pisonis is a large, deciduous, dome shaped-tree with a dense leafy crown. The trunk has ascending branches and much fissured, greyish bark. The leaves are pink as they unfurl but become mid-green with dark speckles later. They are leathery, oblong-elliptic with prominent midribs and toothed margins.

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