Running out of binge-worthy content? Fear not—Hulu just re-upped their streaming offerings with great new shows and movies. See the full list. Sign In. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends.
|Published (Last):||14 April 2014|
|PDF File Size:||18.5 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.10 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In particular, both Leonce and Lena make the mutual decision to abandon their duties as noble-people and try to escape the marriage their parents arranged for them. Yet, they meet each other during their escape, fall in love with each other, and marry.
It therefore seems necessary to determine what fate is, and what classifies as a coincidental event. Whether an event occurs due to circumstance or whether it happens due to some superior force, it will seem improbable. Thus, the difference seems to be that fate is inescapable. Leonce and Lena are directly influenced by fate, and despite their efforts, will always be controlled by it.
For example, in Act I, Leonce happens to meet a man named Valerio, who serves as a bon vivant, or rather, a person who enjoys life and all it has to offer. His presence and words seem to make Leonce form the plan to escape. Leonce promptly responds with a request for Valerio to come with him as Leonce attempts to escape his arranged marriage.
Almost at the same time at the other kingdom, Lena has a conversation with her governess, who seems very similar to Valerio in terms of her role in the play. Lena has absolutely no love for Leonce, but she does want to fall in love with someone:.
Oh God, I could fall in love, of course I could. But why drive a nail through hands that never sought each other? What has my poor hand done to deserve it? Evidently, she believes in marriage and wants to fall in love with someone, just not Leonce. In fact, she seems miserable, similar to Leonce, which makes the governess empathize with Lena. Perhaps, who knows!
I have an idea. Already, the similarity in situations seems too improbable actually occur. These two characters are meant to marry, both do not want to, so they run away with people who helped to give them the idea of escape. On their way to Italy, Leonce and Valerio do in fact meet with the governess and Lena.
When they do, Leonce seems to immediately fall in love with Lena. He pines for Lena and obviously already has fallen in love with her. Interestingly, she does not reciprocate, and the audience begins to wonder whether they are actually meant to be. Lena is already known to be a character who wants to act upon her feelings; if she does not love a man, she will not settle for him. Similarly, Valerio and the governess have a quarrel and do not get along at all. Their very heated exchange includes violent mudslinging and name-calling.
So previously, Leonce and Lena were doubles, for wanting to avoid the marriage, and Valerio and the governess were doubles, for accompanying Leonce and Lena, respectively; however, now, it seems that a whole new doubling has occurred. Leonce and Lena do not get along, and Valerio and the governess do not get along, thus forming doubles with the two pairs of people. And indeed, they eventually do fall in love and agree to marry. In the end, despite all of their efforts to avoid each other, they meet.
In fact, at the end of the play, Leonce and Lena who both do not know that they have fallen in love with the very person they were trying to avoid disguise themselves as automatons and have Valerio introduce them to the kingdom to stage a wedding. They both think that they are rebelling against their parents, yet ironically, they have done what their parents wanted.
Some might argue that the two marrying was simply due to chance, but the way Bchner made the events play out, it seems obvious that their marriage was inescapable. The two were victims of fate, and they ended up falling in love. Admittedly, it is not clear whether or not Lena actually has fallen in love with Leonce or not, or whether she weds him simply to rebel against her parents.
Her actually thoughts are even more ambiguous because she has very little dialogue at all throughout the play. It is also unclear how they really fell in love. Before Leonce tells Valerio that he intends to marry Lena, the last scene was Leonce trying to drown himself because Lena rejected him.
The audience never fully understands how the two fall in love. But she agrees to marry him and they do in fact end up together at the wedding. Valerio becomes the Chief Minister, and the play ends. But it is still unclear how they fell in love and whether or not Lena really did feel happy about the marriage at the end.
So antagonists who believe that the play was not based on fate could in fact argue that if they had not left their respective kingdoms, they might not have ended up together. This is an interesting question, because it is vague. Perhaps that is why the playwright was ambiguous with how the two fell in love. So the point can be made that if the two had not escaped, they might not have married, because the only reason they did was due to their rebellious nature and their search for love. But on the other hand, it can also be argued that if they stayed, they would have ended up falling in love anyways, because the two were meant to be.
Regardless of which situation one chooses to believe in, it seems that they would have escaped because they were destined to. Chance and providence are completely different things. It appears that Lena believes that the events that have transpired were chance, but Leonce corrects her by saying that it was divine intervention that must have led them there.
The events were not ones that they could have avoided. They were meant to run away and they were predestined to fall in love and marry. Again, antagonists could potentially argue that, because the entire play has an ironic plot, that things happened by chance.
Essentially, the plot can be summarized with Leonce and Lena running away from their respective kingdoms to avoid each other, yet running into each other and then marrying. It seems that because it is so ironic that they would run away from each other, yet end up with each other, some might argue that their meeting was chance. Yet, it seems much more reasonable that they met by predetermined means. Leonce and Lena could have met by chance, but if they met by predetermined means, the play makes more sense.
In fact, King Peter seems like a complete nonsensical man, saying things that are patent statements which establish nothing:. My dear and faithful subjects, I wanted to herewith to declare and announce, to declare and announce. There is no third alternative. Man must think. Whenever I speak out loud like that, I never know who it really is, me or someone else, it frightens me. I am me. Act I, Scene 2. Peter addresses this to the Privy Council, whom adamantly agree that he is right, but does not seem to have announced anything.
And at the end, Valerio, who has been appointed as the Chief Minister, announces that he will allow things in the current system to become chaotic, and he will help the poor. Leonce tells Lena that he will destroyed all of the clocks and calendars and that he would set up mirrors so that it is always summer. Leonce is trying to run his new kingdom differently than his father, yet will run it just the same. Similar to his efforts to avoid marrying Lena, his struggle is futile, and he is likely to become similar to his father.
History will repeat itself, and the history that is repeating is not favorable. Fate, the ever present and all-powerful force is thus, inescapable.
So it seems that history repeating is also inescapable, meaning that the ridiculously unintelligent and inane rulers will be replaced by similar heirs. In terms of the play, Leonce even tries to change how he will rule the kingdom, but it ends up sounding like he would rule in the exact same way his father did. In fact, previously, when he made an effort to escape his arranged marriage, he only ended up marrying who he was already meant to be with.
Evidently, these events were inescapable, thus establishing that they were predetermined things. So fate, the inescapable force that determines all actions of the play, truly is inescapable. This is an excellent analysis of the fate versus chance argument.
However, perhaps a separate section for these counterexamples would allow the essay to flow a bit easier because it seems halted and kind of difficult to read through. The paragraph in which you compare the different types of doubling gets really confusing understandably since its about doubling and maybe a bit of revision there could give that argument more clarity. Overall this is a very cohesive argument and with a bit of polishing could easily lead to a paper for the ages.
Almost Human. Skip to content. Home Course Description. Lena has absolutely no love for Leonce, but she does want to fall in love with someone: Oh God, I could fall in love, of course I could. In fact, King Peter seems like a complete nonsensical man, saying things that are patent statements which establish nothing: My dear and faithful subjects, I wanted to herewith to declare and announce, to declare and announce.
Act I, Scene 2 Peter addresses this to the Privy Council, whom adamantly agree that he is right, but does not seem to have announced anything. Bookmark the permalink. March 31, at pm. Search for:. Proudly powered by WordPress.
10 Things to Know About Leonce and Lena
Christian says coming up with the ballet was very difficult, and thinking how it could be a full-length ballet was even more difficult. So he turned to literature to inspire him. Born in , he died at only 23 years old in He only wrote three plays in his lifetime, Leonce and Lena being the last.
Escaping Fate is Futile: Georg Büchner’s Leonce and Lena
It was written in the spring of for a competition 'for the best one- or two-act comedy in prose or verse' sponsored by the Stuttgart publisher Cotta. There are two imaginary countries: the Kingdom Popo and the Kingdom Pipi. Prince Leonce of kingdom Popo and princess Lena of kingdom Pipi have had their political marriage arranged. He meets Valerio who is a lot different to him and will be his companion later. King Peter of the Kingdom Popo is being dressed up by valets. He concerns more with his duties as a King than with his people.
Leonce und Lena
The person or persons who have associated work with this document the "Dedicator" or "Certifier" hereby either a certifies that, to the best of his knowledge, the work of authorship identified is in the public domain of the country from which the work is published, or b hereby dedicates whatever copyright the dedicators holds in the work of authorship identified below the "Work" to the public domain. A certifier, moreover, dedicates any copyright interest he may have in the associated work, and for these purposes, is described as a "dedicator" below. A certifier has taken reasonable steps to verify the copyright status of this work. Certifier recognizes that his good faith efforts may not shield him from liability if in fact the work certified is not in the public domain. Dedicator makes this dedication for the benefit of the public at large and to the detriment of the Dedicator's heirs and successors. Dedicator intends this dedication to be an overt act of relinquishment in perpetuity of all present and future rights under copyright law, whether vested or contingent, in the Work. Dedicator understands that such relinquishment of all rights includes the relinquishment of all rights to enforce by lawsuit or otherwise those copyrights in the Work.
German Literature. Search this site. Navigation Home. Guide Books.