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Dark Tourism - the guide to dark travel destinations around the world. Tiglachin Monument. More background info: The monument was erected in , ten years after the overthrow of emperor Haile Selassie by the Derg see under Ethiopia , Red Terror Museum and Trinity Cathedral — and while it does celebrate this in typical socialist-realist and symbolic fashion, the main point of the monument is to honour the Cuban fighters that came to the support of Ethiopia in the Ogaden War of This was started by an offensive by Somali troops who invaded the disputed region, but with the help of Soviet and Cuban military aid and soldiers, Ethiopia managed to win in this conflict.

Hence the other, and more explicit purpose of the monument is that of a Cuba-Ethiopian Friendship memorial — as a marble stone outside the fence clearly spells out in three languages Amharic, Spanish and English. And it shows in style! This fact is perhaps slightly less remarkable if you know that North Korea has contributed a number of grand monuments elsewhere in Africa even much later — such as the African Renaissance Monument in Dakar , Senegal , or the Independence Monument in Windhoek, Namibia.

What there is to see: The main element is a tall column, 50m high feet crowned by a red star. Two thirds up the column an oversize replica military medal is attached involving the obligatory hammer-and-sickle emblem.

This is flanked by two large flag-shaped bas-reliefs depicting various scenes, such as peasants, workers, revolutionary meetings and, of course, military scenes.

This too is very North-Korean in character even more so than the sculptures. The main column can be seen from far away, but to get close you have to get through the fence and up some steps … and that is no longer so easy, as I found out when I visited the site as part of a city tour of Addis in early January I had read in older accounts that the site would be largely abandoned and unmaintained, but when I got there I found it staffed by very eager guards and a manager who immediately stopped me photographing the little photo above is the only quick shot I managed to get in from outside the fence.

They said no photography was allowed inside the complex — but in fact even from outside it, as they made clear next. My guide and I tried to argue but to no avail. My guide surmised that the reason for the restriction was that they wanted to sell pictures or even a video of the site. In hindsight I somewhat regret not having gone to see the artwork close up, but I just found the whole aggressive atmosphere too off-putting at the time.

Now I wonder what had brought about such a change — from unloved, unmaintained and unguarded old reminder of the Derg regime that people would rather forget about as is very much the case elsewhere in the city , to this ultra-protective and restrictive approach. I also wonder who actually owns the site and whether this whole regime is really legit. Or could it still be some Cuban influence? Unlikely, but you never know. Google Maps locator: [ 9. Access and costs: easy enough to find, but no longer freely accessible, in fact quite restricted.

Details: as already described in the what there is to see section above, the site is now surprisingly protected and access tightly controlled. You can see the main column from the street any time, but to get behind the fence and walk up close you have to obey the strict rules imposed by the guys by the gate. As far as I could tell, though, no admission fee as such was levied, but my guide made noises about a visit being followed by a hard sell …. Nor could I make out any opening times — none were advertised on the fence, so I guess you just have to take your chances.

Time required: not too long — either just a quick glance from outside the fence or maybe up to ten minutes if you go inside. Combinations with other dark destinations: see under Addis Ababa , in particular the Red Terror Museum and Ethiopia in general. Combinations with non-dark destinations: in general see under Addis Ababa - close by would be the National Palace in the park to the south-east of the monument, within easy walking distance.

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Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

In an attempt to generate goodwill and bring in currency despite international sanctions, North Korea's Mansudae Art Studio has built massive monuments for countries in Africa, Asia and Europe. North Korea's most lucrative relationship is in Africa, where diplomatic ties date back to the Cold War. At feet tall, the bronze statue is one of the largest in the world. North Korea built this statue of Mozambique's first president, Samora Moises Machel, completed in


Tiglachin Memorial, Addis Ababa

It is sometimes called the "Derg Monument". The monument is composed of various elements: a central statue, a 50 m tall pillar, two wall reliefs on the sides and two squares where the portraits of Cuban soldiers are visible. The monument sits in front of the Black Lion Hospital. The monument was inaugurated on 12 September , the tenth anniversary of the overthrow of Haile Selassie.

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